Clearing Houses

Cloud City Chronicles | Leadville life

Highlights of the

Carbonate chronicle

75 years ago

The state-wanted Evergreen American Hatchery is a scenic and historic location in Lake County

June 2, 1947


EDITOR’S NOTE: We believe that the following article, which gives our readers a brief description of the Evergreen US Fish Culture Station located 7 miles west of Leadville and commonly known here as the US Fish Hatchery, is very timely. This will serve as a reminder to the residents of Leadville who for years have enjoyed spending their leisure hours fishing and playing at Evergreen Lakes, which includes part of the resort. And for new residents of Leadville and the surrounding area, it will inform them of the presence of this American institution that has been a part of Leadville for years and years. At present there is considerable opposition from Lake and other surrounding counties in the State of Colorado to the State of Colorado’s plan to try to get the federal government to hand over this American cultural station to fishing at the State Department of Game and Fishing.

By Wallace C. Eckberg

It was indeed a pleasure for me to have been recently invited by Fred Englehart, superintendent of the Evergreen US Fish cultural station located 7 miles west of Leadville, to visit this federal institution and enjoy a delicious dinner with Englehart and Mrs. Englehart in their house, located on the grounds of the fish farm.

My knowledge of the Engleharts came from my good friend Percy Deane of Geneseo, Illinois, who happens to be a cousin of Fred Englehart. When I came to Leadville in January this year to take over as editor of the Herald Democrat, Mr. Deane wrote to his cousin and told him to contact me, and from this introduction I gained the friendship of Mr. and Mrs. Fred Englehart.

I can honestly say that it was not the Engleharts’ intention for me to be invited to visit the US Fish Cultural station and write an article about it, but I was so thrilled to see such a beautiful institution located right at our doors that I felt there might be other newcomers to this field who would also like to learn more. I can assure our readers that this article is entirely in my own words, and just a true and simple story of what I actually saw when Fred Englehart gave me a full tour of the property.

The American property comprises an area of ​​more than 3,000 acres, if the lakes and woods that are part of the station are included. Four lakes are included in the project and the general public is allowed to fish and picnic around some of these lakes during the fishing season.

Every year, thousands of local residents and tourists take advantage of this privilege granted to them by the federal government. The lakes are located among the rows of woods on the mountain slopes just behind the American Hatchery buildings.

Fred Englehart completes nearly 30 years of government service and has run the local station since last June. However, he was also employed at the local hatchery in 1917. Englehart is probably one of the best educated Federal hatchers in the country today, having years of experience in all forms of Federal fish farming. He has traveled thousands of miles and been in contact with federal hatcheries in almost every state in the union.

Glen F. Adams, a fish farmer, is Englehart’s assistant at the local station and is well known in this area and throughout this part of the country as an expert in his profession. Adams and his family also live in housing provided on the station grounds.

The ancient, sturdy red stone building that actually houses the fish hatching unit has a hatching capacity of over 12 million fish eggs, and can nurture and mature between 4 and 5 million fish. fry before they are ready to be processed into nursery ponds from which they are processed into Evergreen Lakes or shipped to streams or lakes in various parts of the country.

Government property here, part of the US Fish Culture Station, includes the main hatchery building, [several] houses, a power and lighting plant, a large two-story frame building that houses supplies and a complete sawmill and planning factory with several small barns and sheds that house supplies needed to maintain the hatchery . The entire electrical and lighting plant is powered by water power, as are the sawmill and the planing mill. And the property has its own drainage and sewage system, making the entire resort and homes completely independent of any utility outside their own boundaries. Every house and main building in the station area is completely modern in every detail.

The water temperature is ideal for hatching and maturing trout, and we are told it is two to four degrees warmer than the water at the hatcheries in Glenwood Springs or Buena Vista. A slight increase in water temperature during the winter months at the local station would make this the most ideal hatchery in the entire west.

Located at the foot of a beautiful mountain slope and in a natural ravine, it is a very picturesque sight to say the least. It is only a short drive from Leadville, being located a short distance from Malta. Throughout the summer months, roads are in good condition from Malta’s main highway to the railway station.

The area of ​​snow covers and “summer” suffers a setback

June 16, 1947


A major snowstorm – which would do justice to any winter month – blanketed Leadville yesterday. Enough “white stuff” has remained overnight to make the city look wholly inappropriate for the month that brings summer (on the calendar, that is).

The storm was generally over eastern Wyoming and across Colorado south to Colorado Springs. The snow was heaviest in the Rocky Mountains, but snowfall of up to five inches for Denver was recorded, the last snowfall in 75 years.

Here in Leadville, citizens stoically made the winter visit. Those who had mowed the lawns the night before had come out with snow shovels last night to clear the paths. Many started to remember other late snow storms here and decided that this one wasn’t so unusual after all.

A Leadvillites remembers a blizzard ‘worse than this’ three years ago on June 12, and yet another recollection included the observation ‘I saw at least little snow every month of the year. ‘year”.

A look at the Herald Democrat records showed that the last snowstorm (not too bad – 0.03 inch rainfall) in 1946 happened on June 18th. Elders remember that “the heaviest late snowfall” came on June 17, 1907.

At this time, Leadville had an exceptional photographer, Nils Schedin, whose collection of fine photographs now attracts attention at Maison Healy. Mr. Schedin, who was once a Norwegian court photographer, produced large scenes of snow-covered Leadville.


June 30, 1947


Three large Rio Grande Expressway passenger buses were destroyed by a fire early this morning in the company’s garage on Poplar Street. The cause of the fire had not been determined. Fire Marshal Joe Plute said this morning that when firefighters arrived the fire was already very bad.

The alarm went off at the station at 12:50 a.m. and the team of firefighters and volunteers worked through the night until 6:20 a.m. when the truck returned to the station. However, they couldn’t do much about the burning garage. Instead, a lot of effort and water jets were directed at nearby buildings. A neighboring house was slightly damaged and a store across the street was also somewhat damaged.

The highway garage was a frame and sheet metal structure. One of the company’s drivers had left the garage at 10 p.m. last night.

Firefighters used 1,650 feet of hose stretched from plugs at 12th and Poplar and 10th and Harrison. At the height of the blaze, a garden hose was aimed at the firefighters to prevent their coats from burning.

Many Leadvillites, awakened by sirens and the sound of the fire engine, looked outside to see flames rising high into the sky.

An eyewitness described the dramatic scene as follows:

“We first saw the flames from Highway 24, south of Leadville. Thinking this was just another of many bin fires seen during the evening, we were initially not enticed to go. However, as we drove down Harrison Avenue and toward Poplar, the many cars racing down the avenue and people hastily marching toward the fire assured us that it was not just another trash fire.

“When we arrived at the scene of the fire, we parked our car in front. The heat from the fire was tremendous and it was almost impossible to sit in the car – at least 200 feet away.

“As we watched the fire rapidly demolish the building, many people assisted the firefighters and a family living in the house next to the garage. A firefighter, in his effort to approach the garage, had great difficulty in handle the fire hose alone and was assisted by bystanders.

“Others helped the family in peril remove furniture and household items from their home when flames threatened to engulf the residence. Due to so many pipes used, the water power was not too great; however, even if the power had been greater, firefighters would have had difficulty extinguishing the flames that destroyed the garage.

“As the flames subsided somewhat by 2am and it was found that no further help could be forthcoming, most onlookers left the scene of the fire.”

This key probably has a long history


This is the story of an old iron key that was found last Thursday by VK Gustafson of the Colorado and Southern Depot. Needless to say, we doubt anyone is looking for the key, as it may be at least 50 years old. But we thought the key, which was found by Mr. Gustafson in a ditch near the Church of the Annunciation, might provide a good story for our readers.

The key is rather heavy and about three inches in length, with notches of various shapes. No doubt the key was used to enter a building in Leadville many years ago. From the appearance of the key, one would guess that it was used to open a tumbler lock.

Just to pique the interest of former residents of Leadville – and possibly determine where the key might have been used – we’re going to display it in our office window. If you think you recognize the key after seeing it and can give us some information about it, we would be very happy to have your comments.